This isn't an ESXi or VMware-related issue but seems to be with your server manufacturer and whatever their process is for formatting SD cards. I'd check with them.
You going into the LifeCycle controller, Firmware Update> View current versions should show the version of the SD.
If you can't try to use SD on Laptop for check if it's work fine.
if doesn't works fine --> issue with internal sd card reader. try to install ESXi on Raid1 disk.