Any update on this?
Updating to v15.5 is a "solution" for most folks with this problem, but there are still some folks running x32 versions of Windows 10, and for those updating to v15.5 isn't an option, since it requires an x64 OS.
It's very frustrating that earlier versions were working just fine until v1903 … clearly that indicates that they CAN work okay, but Microsoft is simply blocking them with the most recent updates.
Refer to Re: VMWare Workstation version 14.1.8 quit working when windows 10 upgraded and VMware Knowledge Base and for the updates.
Per your post, you seems to be running Workstation on a x32 version of Windows 10. Can you explain which Workstation version are you running? Do you still have problem with Windows 10 patched up to date?
VMware Workstation Team