Port 53 is for DNS, DHCP use UDP port 67 and 68. Once you have configured DNS server properly, you have to configure client computer's (Linux, Windows) NIC to obtain IP address automatically and then clients will trigger DHCP request to available DHCP server available on network.
The option is available where you put IPs manually.
VM doesn't use hardware MAC unless you set it or using passthrough.
VMware mac would be 00:50:56 or 00:2c:
And yes, just set the NIC to DHCP and have your DHCP configured correctly and it should work.
Make sure your vLAN info is correct in vSwitch.
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broadcasting (port 53)
TCP/UDP port 53 is used for DNS not DHCP. If you mean DHCP broadcasting operations (like discover and request in DORA), DHCP uses UDP 67 / 68.
If the VM needs to obtain an IP address from a DHCP server it just requires to connect to the port group of a vSwitch that has at least one physical uplink (if the DHCP server is a physical system) or connect to a port group that VM of that DHCP server is connected too.
If you want to configure VLAN and need to deploy IP Helper / DHCP Relay Agent to assign IP addresses for multiple subnets, you need to configure VLAN ID for each of the port groups that VMs are connected to tag their frame...Please mark my comment as the Correct Answer if this solution resolved your problem