Starting with version 14, certain generations/microarchitectures of CPUs from both Intel and AMD will no longer work. With Intel, version 14/15 now requires at least a CPU from the Westmere microarchitecture (circa 2010).
Downloading an older version of Player is not likely going to solve the problem as chances are the problem you face with version 12.5.x is the compatibility with the Linux kernel version of Linux Mint 19. If I am not mistaken, version 12.5.5 supports kernel 4.9.
With that in mind, look at this GitHub repository for the corresponding patches required for VMware version 12.5.9 and the kernel version that you have.
Thank you. Then I have to wait for kernel upgrade to 4.9. Linux Mint 19.1 uses kernel 4.15 and Linux Mint 17 uses kernel 3.13 (wich is working).
I don't know what you mean by "wait for upgrade to 4.9".
Kernel 4.9 is older than 4.15. The 12.5.x version is no longer supported by VMware and will not likely have any updates to support newer kernels such as 4.15.
You should try to apply this patch assuming you installed 12.5.9 version of Player.
If you insist on trying VMware Player 7 (which is even older) here is the link to download, bit it is also unlikely to work with the newer 4.15 kernel.