3 Replies Latest reply on Mar 22, 2018 7:24 AM by kishorenelvagalu

    Failover Hosts Admission Control Policy & DRS Rules

    ASThorpe Lurker

      We have a 7 node cluster running on identical hardware running windows and linux VMs.

      The hosts have been split, for licensing, using host rules - three for windows, three for linux and one dedicated failover host, and the VM’s must run in the correct host groups.  They are currently set up as follows:

       

      Server A,B,C: Host Group = Windows

      Server D,E,F: Host Group = Linux

      Server Z (Failover): Host Group = None

       

      If we want to allow for the loss of one host (through hardware failure) would I need to add Server Z to both Windows and Linux host groups?  Or would Server Z automatically replace a downed host from either host group?

       

      Would we be better off setting the rules as should rather than must?

       

      Finally, am i correct in thinking that the failover host will not be 'usable' if we put one of the hosts in a cluster into maintenance mode and additional capacity is required?

       

      Cheers,

      Andy

        • 1. Re: Failover Hosts Admission Control Policy & DRS Rules
          kishorenelvagalu Hot Shot
          GS Skyline Support VMware EmployeesSkyline Community 2/2

          Hi ASThorpe ,

           

          The questions you have are related to HA and DRS .

           

          HA is cluster feature for fail-over in case of host failure while DRS is a feature which helps with optimal utilization of available resources.

           

          To answer your questions.

           

          If we want to allow for the loss of one host (through hardware failure) would I need to add Server Z to both Windows and Linux host groups?  Or would Server Z automatically replace a downed host from either host group?

           

          Host failure is a HA event so the fail over will happen at the cluster level and it will support both the host groups as they are a part of the same cluster.

           

          Would we be better off setting the rules as should rather than must?

           

          It is better to run the DRS setting as should rather than must as this would protect your environment against any host failures. In other words if you have set it as must , even if there are other hosts available to run on the VMs will not power on on those host no matter what .

           

          Finally, am i correct in thinking that the fail-over host will not be 'usable' if we put one of the hosts in a cluster into maintenance mode and additional capacity is required?

           

          That is correct . The same explanation for the same . Placing the host in maintenance mode is a trigger for DRS and not for HA so only your DRS rules trigger in that event.

           

          Hope this was helpful!

          1 person found this helpful
          • 2. Re: Failover Hosts Admission Control Policy & DRS Rules
            ASThorpe Lurker

            Hi kishorenelvagalu,

             

            Thanks for your speedy reply!

             

            I'm still struggling to understand how the VM's would know they could run on Server Z (failover host).

            I agree that host failure is at cluster level, and in the event of any host failing, server Z would kick in.

            With the VM host rule set to must I just can't understand how the VM's would 'know' they could now run on server Z (as it's not part of either of the windows or linux host rules). 

             

            Rgds,

            • 3. Re: Failover Hosts Admission Control Policy & DRS Rules
              kishorenelvagalu Hot Shot
              GS Skyline Support Skyline Community 2/2VMware Employees

              Hi ASThorpe ,

               

              The rule should be set to should as against must so that in the event of a failure the the VM will power on another host.

               

              This is to say the should is a more flexible DRS rule and which would let the HA failover to kick in.

               

              However if the must DRS rule is activated . The VMs would run on the rest of the VMs remaining 2 hosts in the linux host group.

               

              I hope this helps

              1 person found this helpful