Ok, I have to ask the obvious question- are you running the installer as root (at least using sudo)? You won't be able to write any files to /etc/init.d/ if you don't have permission to write there, which requires root privs.
I faced with other issue: I downloaded old version (VMware-server-2.0.2-203138) of vmware and after run install file ./vmware-install.pl I have got error message: "This version of "VMware Server" is incompatible with this operating system." I try to install it on Debian 8.11 Jessie. What version of VmWare server I should install? In official site I can't find any information. Maybe this product was replaced?