Someone in the community has written some PowerShell functions which may give you the information that you are seeking.
Check it out...
You have the Connect-SrmServer cmdlet.
And Ken has written a series of blog posts on how to connect to SRM from within a PowerCLI script.
Blog: lucd.info Twitter: @LucD22 Co-author PowerCLI Reference
I have gone through Ken blog but I didn't found anything related to Protected VMs and replicated data store mapping details.