VMware Cloud Community

Tip: How to use dotNET Assemblies with JavaScript Runtime

One advantage of polyglot platforms is a possible combination of the different runtime environments. VMware Aria Automation Orchestrator (formerly vRealize Orchestrator) offers us this possiblity. We can use JavaScript, which bases on the Rhino engine, PowerShell Core, Node.js and Python runtime environments. In this post I describe an example how to use a dotNET Assembly in the context of a JavaScript action. On this way we can use functions of a dotNET Assembly directly in JavaScript, without long detours. Beside the description about the using of third party modules, other approaches can be used, as I have already shown here as an example, how to use PowerShell classes. This is yet another scenario.

As an example I have chosen the Newtonsoft JSON dotNET Assembly, a high-performance JSON framework for dotNET, especially the powerful conversion between JSON and XML is in the focus here.

Build a Zip Package

At first we build a zip package, which contains the handler.ps1 action and the Newtonsoft assembly.

Here the source with two functions, which are accessed from the handler function. The desired function and the data to be processed are passed via the input parameters. But first of all, the assembly Newtonsoft.Json.dll is loaded so that we can use its functions.

<# Begin----------------------------------------------------------------
 # @param {string} in_function - Name of the function
 # @param {string} in_data - Data to proceed

[String]$LibDir = $($PSScriptRoot);
[String]$Lib = $($LibDir) + "\Newtonsoft.Json.dll";
Add-Type -Path $Lib;

# Convert XML to JSON---------------------------------------------------
function xml2json([String]$xml) {
  [System.Xml.Linq.XDocument]$xDoc = [System.Xml.Linq.XDocument]::Parse($xml);
  [String]$json = [Newtonsoft.Json.JsonConvert]::SerializeXNode($xDoc);
  return $json;

# Convert JSON to XML---------------------------------------------------
function json2xml($json) {
  [System.Xml.Linq.XNode]$xml = [Newtonsoft.Json.JsonConvert]::DeserializeXNode($json);
  return $xml.ToString();

# vRA PowerShell Handler------------------------------------------------
function Handler($context, $inputs) {

  $inputsString = $inputs | ConvertTo-Json -Compress;
  # Write-Host "Inputs were $($inputsString)";

  switch ($inputs.in_function) {
    "xml2json" {
      $result = xml2json($inputs.in_data);
    "json2xml" {
      $result = json2xml($inputs.in_data);

  # Write-Host $result;

  $output = @{status = "done"; result = $result};
  return $output;


# End-------------------------------------------------------------------

Now this PowerShell program is packed together with the assembly into a zip file.


Now the zip file is imported and the input parameters are specified.


Invoke the Functions from JavaScript

The PowerShell functions can now be used from JavaScript, via getModule.

// Begin----------------------------------------------------------------

var xml = "<test><item1>Item1</item1><item2>Item2</item2></test>";

var resultJson = System.getModule("yourModule").actionName("xml2json", xml);

// Expected output in log
// done

var json = resultJson.result;
// Expected output in log
// {"test":{"item1":"Item1","item2":"Item2"}}

var resultXml = System.getModule("yourModule").actionName("json2xml", json);

// Expected output in log
// done

// Expected output in log
// <test>
//   <item1>Item1</item1>
//   <item2>Item2</item2>
// </test>

// End------------------------------------------------------------------

As you can see from the example, the PowerShell functions that access the assembly can be used directly in JavaScript.


Here I would like to point out that this is a simple example, to show the procedure and the possibilities.


The ability to use zip packages also opens up for us many possibilities to bring external modules, such as dotNET assemblies, into the context of JavaScript. This allows us quickly and flexibly to use consolidated modules to solve our requirements. With this we use the orchestration in the allowed scope, We do not cross borders, we do not use hacks, we use what the VMware Aria Automation Orchestrator platform offered to us.

More interesting information at blog.stschnell.de

0 Kudos
0 Replies