yes you can
it will depend on your provisioning software (Wyse has something very useful, do not know if it has to be used with their thin clients)
On physical client which operating system will you use?
If you will use Linux, than you can use existing project like Linux Terminal Server Project (you will need only the PXE boot part).
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I recommend you check out Thinstation:
We use Thinstation to boot off of CD to connect with RDP, but you can also use it to boot of the network using Etherboot/PXE.
Several years ago we used NICs with a built-in RDP connection. The brand we used were Eazi-TC, but I think they went out of business. I didn't see anything similar for quite some time, but lately I've seen a few manufacturers making similar products again. That might be another way to go.
In order to connect to a View client (Virtual Desktop) you need to install the View agent on the Virtual desktop. On the Thin Client you'll have the View Broker that will connect you to the Virtual Desktop. The Broker on the TC communicates with the View agent on the VD and the connection is made. There's is also the View Manager server setup portion that defines the type of VDI connection. Once this is done the TC will be able to connect.
well you could create your own thin client solution (with PXE)
and you can add http://code.google.com/p/vmware-view-open-client/
you would use RDP, but using the open view client (http://www.vmware.com/company/news/releases/view_open_client.html)
hope it points you in the right direction
Is it possible to boot the vmware client via pxe boot or a cd ?
Yes - modified BartPE boots from PXE, iSCSI, USB or CD - allows no user-interaction with host-disks
It launchs the View-client as the only app - when done it shuts down.
We discuss this at sanbarrow-forum right now
I also tried to work out a boot CD or PXE boot. even WinPE but found problems with all of them. So far I deployed a basic Windows 7 image on repurposed hardware and Windows Embedded on the 2 GB Dell FX160s.