I followed the instructions in this guide to add the disk to my Windows 2016 server guest VM.
So, the drive appears and it recognizes the size in Windows. However, the problem is that it shows as a RAW partition in Windows although the drive has data in it. I don't recall if it is formatted as NTFS or exFAT, but the partition scheme is GPT. The drive is 4TB and has a single partition.
I don't think we can do scan disk on RAW disk.
I have same issue with 4TB GPT disk, but not on my 2TB MBR disk. I attach both disk to the same VM. Looks like this issue related to disk layout (GPT/MBR).