briodan
Contributor
Contributor

Memory Warnings question

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Hi i'm getting host memory warnings on one of my servers.

The server runs 1 virtual machine

The virtual machine is an SQL server

The physical server has 8GB of ram

I have 7GB of RAM allocated to the virtual machine allowing ESXi to use 1 GB of RAM (only 500MB actually used)

The SQL server is set to only use 6GB of Ram allowing the OS (windows 2k8) to use the remaining 1 GB

If i look under performance for the VM it shows 1-10% memory usage

However the host shows 90% memory usage constantly

Why the difference?

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jamesbowling
VMware Employee
VMware Employee

To get a better handle on memory counters and how to read the resource usage:

http://vsential.com/2010/11/vsphere-memory-counters-de-mystified/

James B. | Blog: http://www.vSential.com | Twitter: @vSential --- If you found this helpful then please awards helpful or correct points accordingly. Thanks!

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MarkStrong
Enthusiast
Enthusiast

Have you reserved 7Gb for this VM?

VM Properties -> Resources -> Memory -> Resource Allocation

VCP5, VCP4 | VCAP4-DCD | MCITP | HP Master ASE | CCNA, Cisco UCS Support Specialist
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mittim12
Immortal
Immortal

It would seem that your VM is consuming all of it's assigned memory but is only actively using 10%.    It's pretty commong for the newer OS and SQL to consume all the memory it has been allocated. 

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briodan
Contributor
Contributor

So if i understand this right

The host display for used memory shows how much the VM has grabbed

while

the guest display shows how much memory the vm is actively using out of the pool it grabbed.

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jamesbowling
VMware Employee
VMware Employee

To get a better handle on memory counters and how to read the resource usage:

http://vsential.com/2010/11/vsphere-memory-counters-de-mystified/

James B. | Blog: http://www.vSential.com | Twitter: @vSential --- If you found this helpful then please awards helpful or correct points accordingly. Thanks!

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MindTheGreg
Enthusiast
Enthusiast

This KB might help you understand the different ways memory is measured:

Understanding the Memory Active and Memory Usage indicators on the Performance tab

Set-Annotation -CustomAttribute "The Impossible" -Value "Done and that makes us mighty"
MarkStrong
Enthusiast
Enthusiast

You allocated 7GB of RAM to this VM but you may also RESERVED 7GB for this VM. If it is the case all 7GB or RAM will be consumed by VM out of 8GB of host memory.

VCP5, VCP4 | VCAP4-DCD | MCITP | HP Master ASE | CCNA, Cisco UCS Support Specialist
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mittim12
Immortal
Immortal

On the VM side there is a consumed host memory and an active guest memory.  The consumed is how much memory the VM has requested from the host and the active is the amount of memory that vSphere think is actively being used by the VM.

The host memory usage would show you total amount of consumed memory by the VM's running on that host.