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Software Testing

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UK’s popular bank NatWest has come up with its new voice banking feature. What is it all about?

NatWest has partnered with Google Home to deliver this product.

This new system will allow customers to access banking information via personal smart speakers. Users can use this virtual assistant from the comfort of their homes. Users will ask the device questions about their transaction or account information. The speaker will respond vocally. The speaker will also send the answer to a connected smartphone.

Telephone and mobile banking have already been dominating, improving customer satisfaction. The voice access banking feature opens still more accessibility options for customers. NatWest believes this technology will create a stir in banking that has not been seen since the advent of mobile phone banking. 

Sean Durkin, Head of Enterprise, UK and Ireland at software company OpenText remarks, “As the first major high street bank to offer this, Natwest provides us with another example of a company tapping into innovative technologies, such as voice technology and artificial intelligence, to deliver the fastest and most friction-free customer experience possible.”

Kristen Bennie, head of 'Open Experience' at NatWest, said: "We are exploring voice banking for the first time and think it could mark the beginning of a major change to how customers manage their finances in the same way mobile banking made a huge impact.”

A trial version will be launched first, involving 500 customers and running for three months. This version will allow asking information on basic account operations. If the feature works successfully, NatWest is aiming to shift more transactions to this system such as paying bills and money transfers.

A banking software testing company would consider NatWest’s approach of a slow entry is good from the perspective of security. If the software has not been tested sufficiently, it should not be released to the public. Plus, if too many features are launched all at once, users may find the transition to be complex. A banking software testing company would check the software feature for performance, usability, functionality, stress, security, integration and compatibility on various platforms.

Experts have raised security concerns. For example, recordings on Google Assistant are accessible. If these recordings are stolen by cybercriminals, the voice may be used for carrying out fraudulent activities. Also, during voice inputting, customers speak part of their private protected pin out loudly. As the account information is heard across the room, other people in the area will listen to the user’s confidential transactions. These flaws open the doors to unauthorized access. If private and confidential information is hacked, the feature would appear unreliable and fail to please customers.

Brett Beranek, Vice President and General Manager of Nuance Communications supports the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in improving software security. He comments, “To safeguard users’ personal data, especially when using their voices to access services, banks should deploy voice biometrics – a technology that instead of storing knowledge credentials, such as passwords, stores biometric characteristics to authenticate a user – vastly reducing the possibility of a security breach in which such credentials are lost.”

There is no doubt automation testing is the best ingredient for developing high-quality software. Automation testing improves testing accuracy, executes tests faster, repeats tests. However, choosing the right automation testing tool is a determining step for successful test automation.


Automation testing companies use different tools for their software testing needs. Selenium is one of the pioneers in automated testing. It is widely used by enterprises. According to iDataLabs, selenium has a market share of 30.59%, making it trump other tools in the market. Its closest competitor was UFT, with a 12% market share.


We evaluate its effectiveness, listing its pros and cons for software testing:



  • Selenium is free. Other automation tools charge users. These prices can range in thousands of dollars.
  • Selenium is an open-source environment, which is a developer’s favorite, as the base framework can be modified according to personal or professional use.
  • Selenium supports multiple programming languages such as Java, C#, JavaScript, Ruby, Perl, PHP, Objective-C, Haskell, R, and Python.
  • Selenium supports many browsers including Chrome, Safari, and Firefox.
  • Selenium supports an online community of a large number of users. They contribute actively to documentation. These resources are useful for problem-solving.
  • Selenium supports mobile testing. Although additional software is required, like Appium or Selendroid, Selenium offers the scope of testing native, hybrid and web mobile apps.
  • Selenium offers wide plugin support. It supports popular tools like SauceLabs, Selenium-Grid, and Extent.
  • Selenium is easy to install. It’s UI is user-friendly and intuitive.
  • Selenium remote control and grid offer support for remote testing.
  • Selenium grid supports parallel testing.


  • The selenium test duration is long.
  • Selenium provides no help with technical issues. All help comes from the online community. Consulting companies have to be contacted for commercial support.
  • Selenium can give false-positive results. For example, a network connectivity issue can lead to an error. This causes delays in version releases. Coders report getting false positives 25% of the time.
  • Selenium does not automatically generate reports. This is a huge drawback as testing teams prefer visual reports like screenshot images, graphs, tables, and charts. Clear information about the source of error is hard to find. This increases tasks for developers who have to check the code again to find the defect. The only reporting the tool offers is via integration with third-party vendors like TestNG, JUnit, and Allure.
  • Selenium’s infrastructure is hard to manage. For example, the Selenium grid may support parallel testing, but it is not economically feasible to manage it, as requirements for devices vary with every project.
  • Selenium’s test development is slow. It is not easy to maintain tests as proficiency in programming languages is required for it.
  • Selenium does not integrate with in-sprint automation. It has a code-based approach. It is overly dependent on the user interface. This makes it hard to integrate with continuous testing. This is a major downside of Selenium because many automation testing tools today offer code-less testing, where those without knowledge of programming languages can conduct automated tests.

Tracking and handling finances have become easier ever since mobile banking apps have been introduced. Imagine the struggle you had to face when managing the stack of bills to make payments each month. Common features of a mobile banking app allow viewing balance, previous records, account management, budgeting tools, and bill payments. They also offer fraud alerts to keep consumers aware of any cyberthreats. Most of these apps also provide credit score and also provide instant access to the account, from anywhere in the world.


Banks roll out new features to improve banking experience and continue to innovate to compete in the market. People consider banking apps that offer excellent and convenient features to the users. Banking and financial services industry (BFSI) is investing rigorously in improving their software apps to maintain their position in the market. They choose a reliable banking app testing company to ensure that their apps are smooth and secure. Let’s have a look at a few banking apps that help customers manage their accounts via smartphones:


Capital One Mobile App


According to research by J.D.Power Capital One’s banking app has gained popularity in the mobile app industry for providing easy navigation through the app. Capital One comes with features like checking balance, transferring money, etc. It also offers mobile deposits, online payments, etc. This app is famous for providing ease to the consumers in operating and managing their bank accounts conveniently.


BB&T Mobile App


BB&T mobile allows its users to analyze investments and create budgets using their tools. It saves customers from going to an ATM and helps make online payments easily. BB&T has been ranked as the second most convenient mobile app according to its functionality and high-performance. Its user-friendly interface makes it the best choice for customers.


Ally Mobile App


In need of transferring money to another account? Ally mobile app offers to transfer of funds from Ally account to the same bank, and other bank accounts too. You can easily track your search history and it also helps in locating the nearest ATM. they also have a 24/7 helpline that allows you to get in touch with your banker.


USAA Mobile App


USAA mobile app is one of the topmost favorite apps that allows you to log in to your account via face recognition, thumb face or voice recognition. This makes the app more secure than other mobile apps and comes with simple features. It helps to transfer funds to other accounts, bill payments, etc.via Zelle. USAA also offers mobile deposits and locate ATMs using this app. In addition, it also offers banking and car insurance options but only to military members and their families. Yet it remains the most popular apps in the U.S.




Mobile banking apps have evolved with the growing technology trends. Digital transformation has brought banking at ease by allowing customers to manage their finances using smartphones. This has also gained popularity due to the increasing number of mobile users over the passage of time. So, banking app testing companies hold great importance in the quality assurance and success of mobile banking apps in the market.


Searching for the real estate property and finding the best agent used to be the norm of a typical house hunt a few decades back and cumbersome for any individual.

The days of efforts put into searching on the streets for a potential agent, taking the precious time out of your schedule to visit properties and searching big spreadsheets to find one potential mortgage lender has gone.

Although technology has touched every sector and pretty much redefined it in every manner, real estate is one of those sectors where technology was embraced later. But now that technology and modern solutions and applications have paved their way into the real estate industry as well, it has started to revolutionize it. From reducing the overall time required for a house hunt to facilitating the user to do a 3D virtual tour of the house, the house hunt is needs little to no effort.

Here are some of the biggest problems of the real estate industry that modern technology has solved.


Agent Search

Back in the days before technology had touched real estate business, looking for an agent was quite a task that mostly required to reading newspaper publications, visiting brokerages and even asking family and friends who had a similar experience with their house hunt. Thanks to some latest mobile apps and other software, finding an agent to guide you with the best options within your budget is not only easy but also transparent. You can not only find a list of real estate agents near your area but also see other people’s reviews about them to have a better idea of their reputation in the industry. When done, you can review the agent and help them get more clients through positive rankings.


Virtual Tours

One of the biggest problems in house hunt used to be visiting the property. Imagine a scenario, you are living in the UK and planning to invest in an apartment in Palm Jumeirah. You ask an agent about Palm Jumeirah property for sale and you get a few recommendations. The plan to visit the property will definitely require you to visit it physically and that will incur a traveling cost as well as a leave from work or some time out of your schedule.

With the help of Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning and Image Processing, you can conveniently do a 3D virtual tour of the site without being physically present. It saves your time, cost, and brings a list of properties at your fingertips. The same Palm Jumeirah property for sale is now within your reach, with no cost and at whatever time you require.  


Speeding Sales Up Digitally

Getting a home mortgaged can be slow, delayed sometimes and too much paperwork is prone to human errors. Today in the world of data processing and digitization, there are many digital mortgage brokers like Habito that facilitate house mortgages online from anywhere around the world using any device. It uses Robo-advice as a technology to enable users to scan the real estate market and come up with the best possible results – in less than half of the time a human agent might take.


Improved Floor Plans

Property technology (or as we may call it, Proptech) has come as far as using lasers to facilitate the real estate industry. Back in the days when floor plans and spatial data was managed by a lot of paper – and hassle, companies like GeoSLAM Ltd provide services to take the paper and hassle out of managing floorplans and spatial data by introducing their handheld laser scanning devices.

The implementation of this technology has made surveying occupied homes a lot easier which used to be both times taking, risky and disturbing to the residents. This method is faster than traditional methods and easier to carry out, solving yet another bigger problem in the real estate industry. 

We are living in an era where technology is reshaping lives. Like other industries, technology is revolutionizing real estate industry as well. From gathering data to analyzing real estate market trends and consumer behaviors to development of platforms to connect buyers, sellers and agents with one another, technology has changed the outlook of buying and selling a property. Here are 5 most common ways how technology has revolutionized the real estate industry.


1. Property Buying / Selling Platforms

Thanks to modern technology and easy access to the Internet, there are many useful applications where buyers, sellers, and agents can create their profile and start looking for property in their desired areas. The basic idea of these platforms is to make buying, selling and renting a property easier and more convenient. Making buying and selling property available to a maximum number of potential buyers and sellers, these platforms are a great way to do easy negotiations along with connecting directly to the buyer, thereby eliminating the agent from the process.


2. The Blockchain

Launched in 2009, Blockchain emerged to be one of the biggest platforms with the potential to support crypto-currency. When applied to the real estate industry, it is sure to give endless possibilities. The tokenization feature of Blockchain can be harnessed by landlords to sell portions of ownership in the property. Selling and purchasing contracts between buyers and sellers can be done with solid encryption and legitimacy validations.


3. Virtual Simulations

Thanks to the powerful Virtual Reality industry, sellers can now get a real-life view of their desired property, especially useful when they are moving out to a different geographic location or are unavailable during visiting hours. For example, if a buyer wishes to buy Dubai Marina Apartment for rent but is located out of the town, they can easily make use of such technologies without intervention.


5. Big Data Analytics

Big Data is another breakthrough in the technology sector. With the world slowly turning into a global village, data storage has become vital and useful for analyzing customer behavior. Harnessing the strength of Big Data Analysis, real estate agents can personalize recommendations to their potential clients according to their preferences obtained through search.

Kitty Hawk is a flying company that is backed up by top technology leader Larry Page of Google. Moreover, it is led by the co-founder of Udacity, Sebastian Thrun as well. The good news is that Kitty Hawk has signed a great deal with Boeing, one of the top aerospace conglomerates around the globe.


The terms are a little bit unclear but both the companies vouch to collaborate on urban air mobility, safety and the existence of autonomous vehicles.


Kitty Hawk is growing as we speak and they have already launched a great product, Cora, that is a two-person air taxi. Another product is a Flyer that is a vehicle for personalized flight. The partnership fully focuses Cora, according to the announcement.


“Working with a company like Kitty Hawk brings us closer to our goal of safely advancing the future of mobility,” said Steve Nordlund, vice president, and general manager of Boeing NeXt. NeXt is an organization within Boeing that aims to create next-gen vehicles.


Thrun also co-founded Kitty Hawk. The company is based in Mountain View, California. However, a large portion of testing activities takes place in New Zealand. The technology is relatively new the company will definitely need to partner with a good software testing company. Rigorous testing of the vehicles will be very important in order to release efficient and superb vehicles that have seamless software.


Today is the era of artificial intelligence and IoT. With such cars in the “air” we are bound to get some exciting software and technological features. To ensure that these features are truly up to the market, Kitty Hawk will definitely need to conduct rigorous testing since this technology is relative. Before market release, they will need to test the software in the flying cars for manual, automation, regression, accessibility, smoke and penetration testing etc. to ensure that the passengers remain safe in the car. A small bug can take the entire system down. Keeping this in consideration, and perhaps, by outsourcing to a quality software testing company Kitty Hawk can release cars that fly with perfection! With not even the slightest chances of any accidents! Now that sounds exciting, doesn’t it?

Target Checkout Outage.jpg

Many people rushed to their social media to take on the retail agent head on. This has happened for the second day in a row and the buyers are suffering. Many stores are only accepting cash and gift cards which is a total outrage. Such a major retail giant must not be allowing such incidences with such frequency. This happens after Target suffered a global point-of-sale machine outage on Saturday. The checkouts were down for a time of more than two hours.


Target has maintained that they can “confirm that this was not a data breach or security-related issue” and that “no guest information was compromised at any time.” The company said that an “internal technology issue” was the result of this outage. They made no comment on the specifics of this incident.


Company reputations suffer greatly when data breaches occur. That’s why companies increasingly seek security testing services these days. Security breaches are a make or break for any business today.


In 2013, a data breach occurred and the company was forced to pay $162 million in expenses.


Jenna Reck, a spokesperson for Target, recently said:


“Like many other companies, Target uses NCR as a vendor to help accept payments, and on Sunday afternoon NCR experienced an issue at one of their data centers. While this was not an issue within Target’s technology system, Target was unable to process select card payments at some stores for about 90 minutes. The issue is now resolved and payments are going through normally. Additionally, we can confirm that this was not a security-related issue and no payment information was compromised at any time. Although this was unrelated to Saturday’s issue, we know many guests had a frustrating shopping experience in our stores this weekend. For that, we are truly sorry. We never want to disappoint any guests and we’re working tirelessly to ensure these issues don’t happen again.”


Updated with comment from Target.

There is no software that is free of defects and bugs. We know that defect management is a process that identifies and tracks bugs in software. Developers utilize defect tracking tools for easy detection at an earlier software development stage. These tools have become an important ingredient for developers and testers. Whether it is a small or medium enterprise, investing in these management tools improves the quality of products and helps in rolling out efficient software. Software testing companies have defect management systems that managers and executives utilize to view defects in systems for future references.


There is no short cut to achieving quality products when it comes to software testing. Software tools assist in tracking technical and non-technical issues that development teams use to track defects. Testers and developers use emails, spreadsheets, etc. to track defects, but defect tracking tools are a safe alternative to manage these defects efficiently. These automated tools notify testers when a bug pops-up and also provides them with metrics and insights. The type of tools provide insights to testers that enable them to change the codes, tests, and other data that helps them in improving the quality of the software.


Modules of a Defect Management Process

Identify Bugs – Mostly, there are bugs popping-up during the earlier stages of software development. Testers believe that if they fix these errors immediately they can save a lot of time, reduce errors, and help to cut down on costs.


Divide into Different Categories – After detecting bugs, the teams categorize bugs into different types. Development teams then mark each error’s priority and assign bugs to each other for correction.


Set Priorities – This is one of the important modules where developers resolve defects according to their priorities. Teams collaborate to manage these defects efficiently.


Assign Tasks – Too many bugs appearing in a system can be overwhelming for the teams. Thus, a manager assigns tasks categorically to various developers to ensure smooth management.


Resolve & Verify Bugs – It is obvious that developers need to devise a proper strategy to meet these goals and achieve a bug-free software. Thus, they verify defects and provide solutions to resolve these problems.


Report – Management requires reports from time to time once reporting purposes later on.


  A management tool spots and notifies respective developers when a bug requires a fix. The system works as a repository for the documentation of test cases and bugs and adds value for support departments. The system provides a platform to the development team to help them in testing effectively based on the critical insights from the system.

Blockchain and real estate.jpg

Just like any other business, real estate is also tricky. With the passage of time, real estate is evolving. There are certain factors which are giving a boost to this business. Technology is the major contributor to the transformation of real estate. There are different apps and gadgets which are facilitating both the buyer and seller in real estate. However, in this blog, we will specifically focus on how blockchain is changing the face of real estate as we see it. Before we take a deep dive in the details of blockchain and real estate connection, if you are looking for an apartment, then buy apartment in Palm Jumeirah. If you are looking for a decent and comfortable place, then you should definitely check these apartments out.


How does Blockchain work in Real Estate?

As we all know that blockchain is a growing list of records and each record is called a block. These blocks build upon each other. The beauty of blockchain is that it doesn’t hold all the information at the same server and instead it uses many servers at the same time. This mechanism has a lot of benefits which we will discuss in a while. Before that, let’s understand how it will work in the real estate business.


Since real estate is all about the huge database and records, blockchain makes the storage and handling of this data a lot easier. Different blockchain apps and software are made specifically made for the real estate businesses to gain the following mentioned benefits.


Benefits That Blockchain Has to Offer for Real Estate

1. Incorporation Transparency

Transparency in any business is the key to get the ultimate customer experience. The blockchain applications and software provides maximum security to the database of the clients and the company. Therefore, it prevents data leaks which can cause great troubles for both the customers and the company. This brings us to the second major benefit of blockchain which is trust building among the clients.

2. Building Trust

Since your clients will know that their information is in secure hands, they will tend to trust your company more than the others. Therefore, if you want to build an unbreakable trust relationship with your clients then blockchain is your solution.


3. Temper Resistant Database

As we have mentioned before that database in the blockchain is stored in different servers at different locations, therefore, it is practically impossible to reach to the database for a hacker. We have seen that in the past few years, data leakages cost millions to the companies. Therefore, blockchain is very significant for real estate business because in this business deals with very sensitive information of the clients and company.


4. Efficient Transactions

Money transactions are risky in any form but blockchain promises to make them as secure as possible. In real estate business, these transactions can be very huge and thus the loss can be big too. With blockchain, the whole process becomes secure and transparent and you are safe from all the frauds since nobody can temper the record of the transactions.


5. Limited Intermediaries

This is perhaps the most important benefit of blockchain. There are a lot of intermediaries and all of them charge separately for their services. Blockchain works in a way that everything from selecting the house to buying it is automated. This eliminates all the intermediaries from the process hence you are saved from both frauds and extra expenditures.

Now, with the help of blockchain, you can buy apartments, houses, and property more securely than ever.

Many promising start-ups fail abruptly due to poor quality applications. Software development companies face growing challenges in order to meet tough deadlines. Moreover, they have to maintain product quality as well. In the past, companies used to take months to deliver applications but with the advent of current technological advances, release times are shorter than ever before. IT companies invest time and money into setting up quality assurance teams. Whether it is a start-up or an organization, hiring an independent software testing company is the right choice to make.


Setting up a QA department is not a viable option for most companies. Let’s have a look at the top five reasons why organizations should invest in an independent service provider:


1. The Testing Skill Set

Let’s talk about first things first. As an entrepreneur or business executive, the first question that comes to mind is when to avail such services? Well, quality assurance is not an easy thing to do and neither do all IT companies have the skills and tools to perform these tests efficiently. They lack resources, time, and expertise as well. Thus, when new in business, a startup shouldn’t mind hiring software testing services.


2. The Effects of Business Processes on Quality

Due to product release deadlines, developers often fail to focus on other projects. Too often the business’ own processes are time taking that affect software quality adversely. But if companies hire an independent QA testing company, their services can fill this gap between quality and timely delivery of the project.


3. The Lack of Expertise

Market leaders in the IT industry leverage their own software testing mechanisms to achieve fast delivery of products. However, this is not possible for small and medium-sized companies. QA testers working for such businesses do not have their hands-on extensive testing tools and techniques which limits their expertise. So, looking for an external source for software testing is the only choice they are left with. Moreover, expert software testing companies use a broad range of tools to enhance software quality.


4. The Cut Down on Costs

An IT business should also choose to outsource testing to an independent company if the cost of testing is too high in their region. Outsourcing is a cost-effective solution, that doesn’t end up increasing the overall cost of the product.


5. The Guarantee from Quality Assurance

It is obvious that hiring an independent company means that testing services come with a guarantee. On the contrary, even if a business sets up their own QA teams, there is no guarantee that such an initiative will work. So, businesses consider hiring services of an independent testing company for better results.


With the growing digital world and number of devices, testing has become a vital part of the software development process. Businesses today must invest extensively and leverage testing efforts to earn profits and maintain their reputation in the industry.

bug tracking software.jpg

Henry Ford once said, “Don’t find fault, find a remedy”. This fits perfectly in-line with software development as well. Testing is not only a component of software development, but it is an important process that defines how products function. Each software development project encounters issues or problems, and quality assurance experts find solutions for these problems. No matter how hard the development teams work on quality assurance, it is true that bugs and errors are common in any software. However, experts use bug tracking software to track down errors, resolve them, and provide solutions to avoid them from reoccurring.


A bug tracking software helps in identifying, recording, reporting, and managing bugs that occur in an application. It is designed to ensure quality and provide bug tracking tools to assist the development teams. Errors and bugs commonly appear in any software, not that anyone should be blamed for that. But it is true that there is no error-free software and that bugs cost huge losses to businesses. However, companies work diligently to earn and maintain their reputation for quality software.


Experts say that as they keeping adding features to an application, their functions become more complex. Testers require time to identify and resolve problems that have a direct impact on product quality. Following are a few challenges that testers encounter when using bug tracking software:


Bug-logging Process

A bug tracking software should be able to describe a bug properly. It should allow developers to get a clear understanding of the bug. But if an error is not reported or required fields are incomplete, it has a negative effect on the software development process.


Bug Tracking Template

Development team members work together on a similar bug tracking template as using different platforms can cause discrepancies. Thus, to avoid this confusion, all developers use the same templates so that reporting is simplified.


Priority Levels

Testing and development teams assign priority levels to each bug that appears in an application. It allows working on high priority issues first, followed by attending to less important bugs. Issue tracking software works efficiently only when teams prioritize these tasks efficiently.


Bug Tracking Tools

Defect management system introduces bug tracking tools that allow testers to perform their work efficiently. Testers require bug tracking tools for their projects to release quality software.

  • Companies invest in bug tracking software to analyze repetitive bugs and to channelize them to release quality software. Bug tracking is not just about tracking defects, it is also a proactive approach to ensure that companies meet software requirements and achieve customer satisfaction.

Functional Testing Assists In App Upgradation.jpg

The vital role of Application Development or Functional Testing has been well stated. Nevertheless, in the situation of Application Modernization, the role increases, as it carries in its purview the challenges, risk, and scope for uplifting and upgrading the application. In a way, it also supports teams for authenticating the efforts.


Keeping this scenario in mind, we are presenting you with a list of three ways in which functional testing company helps in-app modernization.


1. Delivering the Anticipated Result

Functional Testing is required to discourse the apprehensions around the real application of functional needs. It is normally mentioned as black box testing, which does not require much information regarding the implementation procedure. With Functional Test sets, every situation becomes a functional test. Therefore, when a function is applied or presented within the app, the particular functional test is implemented after been unit tested. The significance of functional tests completely hinges on the objectives and priorities defined for the app. The objective is to distribute what is anticipated from the application.


2. Continuous Functioning and Anticipated Business Result from All the Functions

With System Testing the teams implement end-to-end functional tests across software units. This assists to guarantee that, as a whole, all the functions distribute anticipated business result. The emphasis is on the complete situation that requires critical units to fit in and distribute a specific activity. Therefore, all subsystems have to be verified primarily before they are combined with the additional subsystem. In order to circumvent any trouble in recognizing instant errors, the components are slowly integrated after being tested in separation.


This is very much pertinent in an Application Modernization situation, where the latest features are being entrenched, but these new mechanisms must assimilate with the current ones to deliver a unified experience.


3. Application Modifications Do Not Influence the Complete System

Regression Testing is essential to guarantee that the code alterations do not bring in glitches or bugs that might influence the general system. Therefore, it should include plans from the original unit that also comprises of functional as well as system tests. This would assist in explaining the present functionality that is anticipated from the application. Regression testing might not be needed for the entire system, but it might be required for specific functional areas that are complex in nature.


Nonetheless, the challenge comes in while modernizing legacy apps, where the development team has to deal with the hardcoded business procedure workflow and other firmly bound legacy codes.

Test Cases.jpg


A test case can be defined as the sets of variables and conditions utilized by the software testers to check if the system performs as per expectations. Test cases play a major role in authenticating the test coverage of a software app. It entails essential fields that offer information regarding the test case, the expected results, and the activities involved in the execution. These fields entail a different name, any requirement involved, detailed steps, input conditions, and desired outcomes for a specific app function.

Effective test cases are simple to maintain and execute. A test case management tool plays a significant role in streamlining the test case process. They make the testing procedure more effective by saving effort and time.


Keeping this scenario in mind we are providing the list of 10 best practices for developing test cases.


1. Keep It Easy to Understand and Simple

An effective test case is extremely simple and well-written for the testers to execute and understand. Organize the test cases as per related areas or specific categories of the app. Test cases can be grouped on the basis of their user story or modules like browser specific behaviors. As a result, it becomes easy to maintain and review the test document. Information provided in the test cases must clear to other developers, testers, and stakeholders.


2. Entail End User Perspective

Take into consideration, the end user perspective prior to drafting the test case. Put yourself in the shoes of an end user who is the main stakeholder for whom the app is created. You must the end user perspective, the functionality aspects to be covered and the requirement. This will assist in identifying test scenarios that rise in actual conditions.


3. Utilize Correct Naming Conventions

The test case must be named in a way that makes it easy for the stakeholders to understand and detect its objective. You should name the test cases in accordance with the functional area or the module that is included for testing.


4. Offer Test Case Description

An appropriate test case description will permit the users to comprehend what is being tested and how it is being tested. Provide pertinent details like any other particular information and test environment. Mention the testing tools and the testing data to be utilized to be applied for executing the tests.


5. Entail Preconditions and Assumptions

Testers must include all the conditions and assumptions that are valid for test cases. Give details related to the test environment, any special set up for the implementation of the test cases.


6. Mention the Steps That You Have Incorporated

Incorporate the actual steps included in the implementation of the test cases. Testers are not missed out on any step. Make sure that all the test case authentication steps are covered. Contain relevant screenshots or documents that can assist in the execution of the steps provided in the test design.


7. Provide Details of the Test Data

You should provide the test data details for test case execution, particularly in scenarios where the same data is used again. This assists in time-saving for the development of the test data for every cycle to be run. Mention the value range, for the particular fields. Testers must not try to test each and every value. The objective must be to ensure maximum coverage by selecting some from every class.


8. Make it Modular and Reusable

Testers must guarantee that there is zero conflict and dependency among the test cases. In a scenario, where test cases are batched or inter-dependent, you are advised to mention them clearly in the test document.


9. Assign Testing Priority

Testers must assign test priority to every test case based on the component or feature involved. This will guarantee that a high priority test case is executed first during the execution.


10. Offer Post Conditions and Desired Results

Testers are advised to include the expected outcome for each step of the test case. You can also entail relevant documents and screenshots for reference. Mention the things or post-conditions that must be confirmed after test case execution.

Blockchain Applications.jpg

A blockchain can be defined as a distributed ledger that saves the database of transactions and assets done across a peer-to-peer network. It is an open infrastructure that can save different sorts of assets. Nowadays, people and businesses are making transactions via blockchain apps.

Keeping this scenario in mind, we are listing famous software testing tools that can be used to test blockchain apps.


1. Kualitee

Kualitee is a dominant could-based test management solution that delivers both manual and automated testing. It offers a powerful dashboard, stress-free project management, requirement planning, test case management, defect management, automated testing, mobile app testing, APIs, zero software hassles, laser focus visibility, flexible user control, various access mediums and formats, test cycles, enhanced security, email notifications, and a user-friendly interface. In addition to this, it provides seamless integration with Jira, Selenium, Bitbucket, and Jenkins. These features enable you to make an outstanding software.


2. qTest Manager

qTest manager is a product by QASymphony and it is commonly used among the software testers. The main aim is to help the entire team and the testers in the development phase. Testers suggest that qTest has a simple and user-friendly interface.

Its main functions contain:

•    Creating a test plan- it consists of what, how, and when situations and who can test the functionality.

•    Unfolding, allotting and bringing in the requirements

•    Frequent report substitutions for these requirements

•    Test design – explaining the main test cases

•    Combining and choosing them through various parameters

•    Test implementation and reporting – you can review and report results

•    Unite it with a bug tracking tool


3. PractiTest

PractiTest is practice and technology in the area of ALM. It is a protuberant cloud-based software testing tool. It offers its customers with an enhanced end-to-end system to achieve their QA and testing needs. It is technical, flexible, sensibly priced and easy. It permits the organization to confirm communication and prominence at every level. It assists project development teams to form and manage their testing procedures while providing management with a clear and simple view of their project status all the time.


4. QAComplete

The main objective of all the testers is to give improved control and visibility of the testing procedures. Nonetheless, they have limited resources and time to apply a multifaceted test management solution or improve the present test processes to adjust a new tool.

A few main features of this test include:

•    Jira Test Management

•    Flexible test management

•    Seamless logging and bug tracking

•    Reporting both manual and automated tests together


5. QA coverage

QA coverage is a test management platform to control and manage software test life cycles. The service encompasses the standard set of functions:

•    Demonstrating the product requirements

•    Writing down the test cases

•    Setting and grouping them

•    Testing implementation

•    Reporting module

•    Bug defect tracker module

In addition to this, the developers are allotting more attention on changing all parameters and forums, creating a complete menu tab by the name of Forum Builder. If you do not utilize some field for defect or creating a test case, the admin makes separate forms for every project.